Factores relacionados a la tensión laboral

En los últimos años la tensión laboral ha sido un tema de análisis y discusión, pues diversos estudios han encontrado una significativa relación entre ésta y la hipertensión, y con enfermedades cardiovasculares. Conoce más a continuación:


¿Qué hay detrás de la tensión laboral?

La tensión es un mecanismo de respuesta que nuestro cuerpo genera ante una emergencia, en ese momento nuestro ritmo cardíaco y presión sanguínea aumentan, mientras la respiración se acelera, y nuestro sistema inmune se detiene parcialmente.  Ya que una vez que la situación de emergencia desaparece, nuestro organismo se regulariza.

Sin embargo, en el caso de la tensión laboral el riesgo a la salud de los empleados es mayor, ya que el estar en constante tensión y no pueden regresar fácilmente a un estado de relajación, o no tomar el tiempo necesario para descansar y recuperarnos, es cuando nuestro cuerpo comienza a tener problemas:

  • Dolor de cabeza
  • Dolor de estómago
  • Problemas para dormir
  • Dificultad para concentrarse
  • Mal humor


¿Qué causa la tensión laboral?

Existen distintas causas relacionadas a la tensión laboral, entre ellas:

  • La cantidad de tiempo disponible para realizar una actividad.
  • Carga laboral excesiva
  • No contar con las herramientas adecuadas para cumplir con nuestro trabajo
  • Exigencias por parte de los superiores
  • Un ambiente laboral poco apropiado (poca ventilación, ruido, mala iluminación, etc.).
  • Horarios laborales extenuantes
  • Problemas de comunicación entre jefes y colaboradores.

El mantenernos expuestos a condiciones de mucha tensión por largos periodos de tiempo afecta nuestra calidad de vida, impactando negativamente en el bienestar mental y emocional, además de nuestra salud física, desarrollando:

  • Diabetes
  • Enfermedades cardiacas
  • Problemas estomacales e intestinales
  • Asma
  • Artritis reumatoide, entre otros.


¿Cómo hacer frente a esta situación?

Para disminuir la tensión laboral, todo empleador debe mejorar su plan de trabajo, por ejemplo:

  • Definir claramente el trabajo y responsabilidad de cada empleado.
  • Respetar las jornadas laborales.
  • Fortalecer la comunicación en la empresa.
  • Implementar un programa enfocado en el bienestar laboral, cómo lo creados por Wellness México los cuales tratan, entre otros temas: El manejo y control del estrés, prevención de enfermedades no trasmisibles, orientación nutricional, etc.


Por otra parte, los empleados expuestos constantemente a situaciones que les generen tensión laboral deben aprender a identificarlas y realizar actividades que les ayuden a contrarrestar los síntomas:

  • Practicar algún deporte o realizar ejercicio.
  • Mantener una alimentación saludable, baja en sal y grasas.
  • Evitar el consumo de alcohol y tabaco.
  • Dormir por lo menos 8 horas diarias.
  • Limitar el consumo de café.


¡Contáctanos y conoce más sobre nuestros programas Wellness! Déjanos ayudarte y ayudarlos.


Con información de:
Connecticut Clearinghouse
Revista Cubana de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular



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